Romanian Spotted originated in the 1860s, in Northeastern Transylvania and Banat, after a long, cross-type “absorption”, practiced between Grey Steppe breed cows and Simmental bulls from different superbreeds backgrounds. Characteristics of the Romanian Spotted: It has a great body development (females waist: ~133-135 cm and a weight of ~600 kg), a less harmonious conformation, a big, muscular head, the body relatively long, wide and deep, ample abdomen, good, globular udder and teat correctly structured teats, strong legs.
The skin is thick, dense and uniform, and the hair is dense and long.
Its color is white, spotted with with different shades of yellow (from yellowish to light red), with the head and extremities from the knees and hocks down always white.
Romanian Spotted breed has a robust constitution, a calm temperament, medium precocity performing, giving the first birth at 33 months, and the interval between calving approx. 440 days.
Milk production varies depending on the operating conditions being the average of 3500-4000 kg / lactation, with 3,8 % fat.
It exhibits precocity, aptitude for mechanical milking and less good economy, milking speed 1,1 kg/min. and the consumption 1,2 UN/kg milk.
Meat production is very good because of race special abilities evidenced by: very good suitability to an intensive fattening system, increased body weight, good precocity, great increase growth, better feed conversion, good economy and quantitative indexes and high meat quality.
Thus, steers, fattened intensively, have a growth rate over 1200 g/head/zi (making over 550 kg sacrifice – 16 months), the specific consumption of 7 UN / kg and a randament of sacrifice of 53-58 %. Carcass meat accounts for over 65 %, meat-bone ratio is 4,2/1, and the meat has good technological and organoleptic qualities.